Canada’s Population: 35,151,728 people reported living in Canada on Census Day, May 10, 2016.
Takeaways from 2016 Census:
- Migratory increase accounts for two-thirds of growth.
- Canada has the highest population growth among G7 countries.
- Two-thirds of Canadians live close to the southern border.
- Population growth increases from east to west.
- From 2011 to 2016, the population grew more slowly in the Atlantic provinces than elsewhere in Canada, as was the case during the two previous intercensal periods. Prince Edward Island (+1.9%) recorded the fastest increase in Atlantic Canada, followed by Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.0%) and Nova Scotia (+0.2%). The population declined 0.5% in New Brunswick, the only province or territory to record a decrease from 2011 to 2016.
- Three in five Canadians live in Quebec and Ontario.
- Provincial population growth highest in all three Prairie provinces. Alberta (+11.6%) had the fastest growth rate among the provinces, up from 10.8% from 2006 to 2011. This was more than double the national average. Alberta also recorded the highest growth among provinces during the two previous intercensal periods.Manitoba’s population increased 5.8% from 2011 to 2016, posting a higher growth rate than the national average for the first time in 80 years. Most of the gain was due to stronger international migration.In Saskatchewan, the population rose 6.3% from 2011 and 2016.
- Combined, the three territories were home to just over 113,600 people in 2016, representing 0.3% of the total Canadian population. This share has changed little since 1911.
- There are now 35 CMAs in Canada, up from 33 the previous census.The three largest CMAs in 2016—Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver—were home to more than one-third of all Canadians (35.5%), with a combined population of 12.5 million.
- Toronto (5,928,040 inhabitants) had the largest population, followed by Montréal, which surpassed 4 million inhabitants for the first time in census history (4,098,927), and Vancouver (2,463,431).Calgary (1,392,609) became the fourth largest CMA in the country in 2016, replacing Ottawa–Gatineau (1,323,783), which fell to fifth place. Edmonton was a close sixth at 1,321,426 inhabitants. – See more here
CMA’s in Canada According to Population
For income in CMA’s, see here – Income of Canadians as Per 2016 Census
|Population size in 2016|
|Toronto, Ont.|| |
|Montréal, Que.|| |
|Vancouver, B.C.|| |
|Calgary, Alta.|| |
|Ottawa–Gatineau, Que. and Ont.|| |
|Edmonton, Alta.|| |
|Québec, Que.|| |
|Winnipeg, Man.|| |
|Hamilton, Ont.|| |
|Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ont.|| |
|London, Ont.|| |
|St. Catharines–Niagara, Ont.|| |
|Halifax, N.S.|| |
|Oshawa, Ont.|| |
|Victoria, B.C.|| |
|Windsor, Ont.|| |
|Saskatoon, Sask.|| |
|Regina, Sask.|| |
|Sherbrooke, Que.|| |
|St. John’s, N.L.|| |
|Barrie, Ont.|| |
|Kelowna, B.C.|| |
|Abbotsford–Mission, B.C.|| |
|Greater Sudbury, Ont.|| |
|Kingston, Ont.|| |
|Saguenay, Que.|| |
|Trois-Rivières, Que.|| |
|Guelph, Ont.|| |
|Moncton, N.B.|| |
|Brantford, Ont.|| |
|Saint John, N.B.|| |
|Peterborough, Ontario|| |
|Thunder Bay,Ontario|| |
|Lethbridge, Alta.|| |
Top 100 Cities* in Canada by Population
- *Census Sub Divisions out of 4870 CSD’s.
- StatsCan Definition: Area that is a municipality or an area that is deemed to be equivalent to a municipality for statistical reporting purposes (e.g., as an Indian reserve or an unorganized territory). Municipal status is defined by laws in effect in each province and territory in Canada.
- You can search each place here.
|Position||CSD — City/Municipality/Town||Population|
|11.||Quebec City, Que.||531,902|
|26||Richmond Hill, Ont.||195,022|
|29||Greater Sudbury, Ont.||161,531|
|38||St. Catharines, Ont.||133,113|
|49||St. John’s, NL||108,860|
|50||Thunder Bay, Ont.||107,909|
|54||Red Deer, Alta.||100,418|
|55||Strathcona County, Alta.||98,044|
|58||Cape Breton, N.S.||94,285|
|64||Niagara Falls, Ont.||88,071|
|65||North Vancouver, B.C. (Municipality)||85,935|
|71||Maple Ridge, B.C.||82,256|
|73||Kawartha Lakes, Ont.||75,423|
|76||Prince George, B.C.||74,003|
|77||Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.||73,368|
|80||Wood Buffalo, Alta.||71,589|
|81||New Westminster, B.C.||70,996|
|82||Saint John, N.B||67,575|
|85||St. Albert, Alta.||65,589|
|86||Norfolk County, Ont.||64,044|
|87||Medicine Hat, Alta.||63,260|
|88||Grande Prairie, Alta.||63,166|
|90||Halton Hills, Ont.||61,161|
|91||Port Coquitlam, B.C.||58,612|
|96||North Vancouver, B.C (City)||52,898|
|98||North Bay, Ont.||51,553|