Population in Canada’s Cities – 2016 Census

Canada’s Population: 35,151,728 people reported living in Canada on Census Day, May 10, 2016.



Takeaways from 2016 Census:

  1. Migratory increase accounts for two-thirds of growth.
  2. Canada has the highest population growth among G7 countries.
  3. Two-thirds of Canadians live close to the southern border.
  4. Population growth increases from east to west.
  5. From 2011 to 2016, the population grew more slowly in the Atlantic provinces than elsewhere in Canada, as was the case during the two previous intercensal periods. Prince Edward Island (+1.9%) recorded the fastest increase in Atlantic Canada, followed by Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.0%) and Nova Scotia (+0.2%). The population declined 0.5% in New Brunswick, the only province or territory to record a decrease from 2011 to 2016.
  6. Three in five Canadians live in Quebec and Ontario.
  7. Provincial population growth highest in all three Prairie provinces. Alberta (+11.6%) had the fastest growth rate among the provinces, up from 10.8% from 2006 to 2011. This was more than double the national average. Alberta also recorded the highest growth among provinces during the two previous intercensal periods.Manitoba’s population increased 5.8% from 2011 to 2016, posting a higher growth rate than the national average for the first time in 80 years. Most of the gain was due to stronger international migration.In Saskatchewan, the population rose 6.3% from 2011 and 2016.
  8. Combined, the three territories were home to just over 113,600 people in 2016, representing 0.3% of the total Canadian population. This share has changed little since 1911.
  9. There are now 35 CMAs in Canada, up from 33 the previous census.The three largest CMAs in 2016—Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver—were home to more than one-third of all Canadians (35.5%), with a combined population of 12.5 million.
  10. Toronto (5,928,040 inhabitants) had the largest population, followed by Montréal, which surpassed 4 million inhabitants for the first time in census history (4,098,927), and Vancouver (2,463,431).Calgary (1,392,609) became the fourth largest CMA in the country in 2016, replacing Ottawa–Gatineau (1,323,783), which fell to fifth place. Edmonton was a close sixth at 1,321,426 inhabitants. – See more here

CMA’s in Canada According to Population

For income in CMA’s, see here – Income of Canadians as Per 2016 Census

Population size in 2016
Toronto, Ont.


Montréal, Que.


Vancouver, B.C.




Ottawa–Gatineau, Que. andOnt.


Edmonton, Alta.


Québec, Que.


Winnipeg, Man.


Hamilton, Ont.


Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ont.


London, Ont.


St. Catharines–Niagara, Ont.


Halifax, N.S.


Oshawa, Ont.


Victoria, B.C.


Windsor, Ont.


Saskatoon, Sask.


Regina, Sask.


Sherbrooke, Que.


St. John’s, N.L.


Barrie, Ont.


Kelowna, B.C.


Abbotsford–Mission, B.C.


Greater Sudbury, Ont.


Kingston, Ont.


Saguenay, Que.


Trois-Rivières, Que.


Guelph, Ont.


Moncton, N.B.


Brantford, Ont.


Saint John, N.B.


Peterborough, Ontario


Thunder Bay,Ontario


Lethbridge, Alta.





Top 100 Cities* in Canada by Population

  • *Census Sub Divisions out of 4870 CSD’s.
  • StatsCan Definition: Area that is a municipality or an area that is deemed to be equivalent to a municipality for statistical reporting purposes (e.g., as an Indian reserve or an unorganized territory). Municipal status is defined by laws in effect in each province and territory in Canada.
  • Reference
  • You can search each place here.
Position CSD — City/Municipality/TownPopulation
1Toronto, Ont.2,731,579
2Montreal, Que.1,704,694
3Calgary, Alta.1,239,220
4Ottawa, Ont.934,243
5Edmonton, Alta.932,546
6Mississauga, Ont.721,599
7Winnipeg, Man.705,224
8Vancouver, B.C.631,486
9Brampton, Ont.593,638
10Hamilton, Ont.536,917
11. Quebec City, Que.531,902
12Surrey, B.C.517,887
13Laval, Que.422,993
14Halifax, N.S.403,131
15London, Ont.383,822
16Markham, Ont.328,966
17Vaughan, Ont.306,233
18Gatineau, Que.276,245
19Saskatoon, Sask.246,376
20Longueuil, Que.239,700
21Kitchener, Ont.233,222
22Burnaby, B.C.232,755
23Windsor, Ont.217,188
24Regina, Sask.215,106
25Richmond, B.C.198,309
26Richmond Hill, Ont.195,022
27Oakville, Ont.193,832
28Burlington, Ont.183,314
29Greater Sudbury, Ont.161,531
30Sherbrooke, Que.161,323
31Oshawa, Ont.159,458
32Saguenay, Que.145,949
33Lévis, Que.143,414
34Barrie, Ont.141,434
35Abbotsford, B.C.141,397
36Coquitlam, B.C.139,284
37Trois-Rivières, Que.134,413
38St. Catharines, Ont.133,113
39Guelph, Ont.131,794
40Cambridge, Ont.129,920
41Whitby, Ont.128,377
42Kelowna, B.C.127,380
43Kingston, Ont.123,798
44Ajax, Ont.119,677
45Langley, B.C.117,285
46Saanich, B.C.114,148
47Terrebonne, Que.111,575
48Milton, Ont.110,128
49St. John’s, NL108,860
50Thunder Bay, Ont.107,909
51Waterloo, Ont.104,986
52Delta, B.C.102,238
53Chatham-Kent, Ont.101,647
54Red Deer, Alta.100,418
55Strathcona County, Alta.98,044
56Brantford, Ont.97,496
57Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Que.95,114
58Cape Breton, N.S.94,285
59Lethbridge, Alta.92,729
60Clarington, Ont.92,013
61Pickering, Ont.91,771
62Nanaimo, B.C.90,504
63Kamloops, B.C.90,280
64Niagara Falls, Ont.88,071
65North Vancouver, B.C. (Municipality)85,935
66Victoria, B.C.85,792
67Brossard, Que.85,721
68Repentigny, Que.84,285
69Newmarket, Ont.84,224
70Chilliwack, B.C.83,788
71Maple Ridge, B.C.82,256
72Peterborough, Ont.81,032
73Kawartha Lakes, Ont.75,423
74Drummondville, Que.75,423
75Saint-Jérôme, Que.74,346
76Prince George, B.C.74,003
77Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.73,368
78Moncton, N.B71,889
79Sarnia, Ont.71,594
80Wood Buffalo, Alta.71,589
81New Westminster, B.C.70,996
82Saint John, N.B67,575
83Caledon, Ont.66,502
84Granby, Que.66,222
85St. Albert, Alta.65,589
86Norfolk County, Ont.64,044
87Medicine Hat, Alta.63,260
88Grande Prairie, Alta.63,166
89Airdrie, Alta.61,581
90Halton Hills, Ont.61,161
91Port Coquitlam, B.C.58,612
92Fredericton, N.B58,220
93Blainville, Que.56,863
94Saint-Hyacinthe, Que.55,648
95Aurora, Ont.55,445
96North Vancouver, B.C (City)52,898
97Welland, Ont.52,293
98North Bay, Ont.51,553
99Belleville, Ont.50,716
100Mirabel, Que.50,513

Posts Information

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    1. james

      As indicated by the 2011 enumeration, the most widely recognised ethnic groups in Canada are: European (76%), Asian (16%), Aboriginal (4%), Black (2%) and Multi-racial (0.5%).32% of the people viewed their ethnic origin as Canadian. Other significant groups were English (21%), Scottish (15.1%), French (14%), Irish (13.9%) and Italian (4.6%). The biggest ethnicity of non-European origin were Chinese (4%) and First Nations (3%). Its aboriginal individuals are growing at double the national rate. While 4% of the population guarantees a native identity, other 16% has a place with a non-native minority. Over 20% of the population is presently born outside the country and around 60% of new migrants originate from Asia, especially China.

      January 5, 2018 at 4:42 AM
    2. Lyle

      North Vancouver is ranked twice :O

      May 22, 2018 at 4:44 PM
      1. todocanada (Listing owner)

        Municipality & City.

        May 22, 2018 at 6:14 PM
    3. Ilya

      Lyle, the first North Vancouver is for the municipality, which includes Deep Cove, etc., the second one is strictly for N. Vancouver City. 🙂

      December 8, 2020 at 8:02 PM

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