Population in Canada’s Cities – 2016 Census

Canada’s Population: 35,151,728 people reported living in Canada on Census Day, May 10, 2016.

 

infographic-population

Takeaways from 2016 Census:

  1. Migratory increase accounts for two-thirds of growth.
  2. Canada has the highest population growth among G7 countries.
  3. Two-thirds of Canadians live close to the southern border.
  4. Population growth increases from east to west.
  5. From 2011 to 2016, the population grew more slowly in the Atlantic provinces than elsewhere in Canada, as was the case during the two previous intercensal periods. Prince Edward Island (+1.9%) recorded the fastest increase in Atlantic Canada, followed by Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.0%) and Nova Scotia (+0.2%). The population declined 0.5% in New Brunswick, the only province or territory to record a decrease from 2011 to 2016.
  6. Three in five Canadians live in Quebec and Ontario.
  7. Provincial population growth highest in all three Prairie provinces. Alberta (+11.6%) had the fastest growth rate among the provinces, up from 10.8% from 2006 to 2011. This was more than double the national average. Alberta also recorded the highest growth among provinces during the two previous intercensal periods.Manitoba’s population increased 5.8% from 2011 to 2016, posting a higher growth rate than the national average for the first time in 80 years. Most of the gain was due to stronger international migration.In Saskatchewan, the population rose 6.3% from 2011 and 2016.
     
  8. Combined, the three territories were home to just over 113,600 people in 2016, representing 0.3% of the total Canadian population. This share has changed little since 1911.
  9. There are now 35 CMAs in Canada, up from 33 the previous census.The three largest CMAs in 2016—Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver—were home to more than one-third of all Canadians (35.5%), with a combined population of 12.5 million.
  10. Toronto (5,928,040 inhabitants) had the largest population, followed by Montréal, which surpassed 4 million inhabitants for the first time in census history (4,098,927), and Vancouver (2,463,431).Calgary (1,392,609) became the fourth largest CMA in the country in 2016, replacing Ottawa–Gatineau (1,323,783), which fell to fifth place. Edmonton was a close sixth at 1,321,426 inhabitants. – See more here

CMA’s in Canada According to Population

For income in CMA’s, see here – Income of Canadians as Per 2016 Census

Population size in 2016
Toronto, Ont.

5928040

Montréal, Que.

4098927

Vancouver, B.C.

2463431

Calgary, Alta.

1392609

Ottawa–Gatineau, Que. and Ont.

1323783

Edmonton, Alta.

1321426

Québec, Que.

798162

Winnipeg, Man.

778489

Hamilton, Ont.

747545

Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ont.

523894

London, Ont.

494069

St. Catharines–Niagara, Ont.

406074

Halifax, N.S.

403390

Oshawa, Ont.

379848

Victoria, B.C.

367770

Windsor, Ont.

329144

Saskatoon, Sask.

295095

Regina, Sask.

236481

Sherbrooke, Que.

212105

St. John’s, N.L.

205955

Barrie, Ont.

197059

Kelowna, B.C.

194882

Abbotsford–Mission, B.C.

180518

Greater Sudbury, Ont.

164689

Kingston, Ont.

161175

Saguenay, Que.

160980

Trois-Rivières, Que.

156042

Guelph, Ont.

151984

Moncton, N.B.

144810

Brantford, Ont.

134203

Saint John, N.B.

126202

Peterborough, Ontario

121721

Thunder Bay,Ontario

121621

Lethbridge, Alta.

117394

Belleville,Ontario

103472

 

Top 100 Cities* in Canada by Population

  • *Census Sub Divisions out of 4870 CSD’s.
  • StatsCan Definition: Area that is a municipality or an area that is deemed to be equivalent to a municipality for statistical reporting purposes (e.g., as an Indian reserve or an unorganized territory). Municipal status is defined by laws in effect in each province and territory in Canada.
  • Reference
  • You can search each place here.
Position CSD — City/Municipality/Town Population
1 Toronto, Ont. 2,731,579
2 Montreal, Que. 1,704,694
3 Calgary, Alta. 1,239,220
4 Ottawa, Ont. 934,243
5 Edmonton, Alta. 932,546
6 Mississauga, Ont. 721,599
7 Winnipeg, Man. 705,224
8 Vancouver, B.C. 631,486
9 Brampton, Ont. 593,638
10 Hamilton, Ont. 536,917
11. Quebec City, Que. 531,902
12 Surrey, B.C. 517,887
13 Laval, Que. 422,993
14 Halifax, N.S. 403,131
15 London, Ont. 383,822
16 Markham, Ont. 328,966
17 Vaughan, Ont. 306,233
18 Gatineau, Que. 276,245
19 Saskatoon, Sask. 246,376
20 Longueuil, Que. 239,700
21 Kitchener, Ont. 233,222
22 Burnaby, B.C. 232,755
23 Windsor, Ont. 217,188
24 Regina, Sask. 215,106
25 Richmond, B.C. 198,309
26 Richmond Hill, Ont. 195,022
27 Oakville, Ont. 193,832
28 Burlington, Ont. 183,314
29 Greater Sudbury, Ont. 161,531
30 Sherbrooke, Que. 161,323
31 Oshawa, Ont. 159,458
32 Saguenay, Que. 145,949
33 Lévis, Que. 143,414
34 Barrie, Ont. 141,434
35 Abbotsford, B.C. 141,397
36 Coquitlam, B.C. 139,284
37 Trois-Rivières, Que. 134,413
38 St. Catharines, Ont. 133,113
39 Guelph, Ont. 131,794
40 Cambridge, Ont. 129,920
41 Whitby, Ont. 128,377
42 Kelowna, B.C. 127,380
43 Kingston, Ont. 123,798
44 Ajax, Ont. 119,677
45 Langley, B.C. 117,285
46 Saanich, B.C. 114,148
47 Terrebonne, Que. 111,575
48 Milton, Ont. 110,128
49 St. John’s, NL 108,860
50 Thunder Bay, Ont. 107,909
51 Waterloo, Ont. 104,986
52 Delta, B.C. 102,238
53 Chatham-Kent, Ont. 101,647
54 Red Deer, Alta. 100,418
55 Strathcona County, Alta. 98,044
56 Brantford, Ont. 97,496
57 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Que. 95,114
58 Cape Breton, N.S. 94,285
59 Lethbridge, Alta. 92,729
60 Clarington, Ont. 92,013
61 Pickering, Ont. 91,771
62 Nanaimo, B.C. 90,504
63 Kamloops, B.C. 90,280
64 Niagara Falls, Ont. 88,071
65 North Vancouver, B.C. (Municipality) 85,935
66 Victoria, B.C. 85,792
67 Brossard, Que. 85,721
68 Repentigny, Que. 84,285
69 Newmarket, Ont. 84,224
70 Chilliwack, B.C. 83,788
71 Maple Ridge, B.C. 82,256
72 Peterborough, Ont. 81,032
73 Kawartha Lakes, Ont. 75,423
74 Drummondville, Que. 75,423
75 Saint-Jérôme, Que. 74,346
76 Prince George, B.C. 74,003
77 Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 73,368
78 Moncton, N.B 71,889
79 Sarnia, Ont. 71,594
80 Wood Buffalo, Alta. 71,589
81 New Westminster, B.C. 70,996
82 Saint John, N.B 67,575
83 Caledon, Ont. 66,502
84 Granby, Que. 66,222
85 St. Albert, Alta. 65,589
86 Norfolk County, Ont. 64,044
87 Medicine Hat, Alta. 63,260
88 Grande Prairie, Alta. 63,166
89 Airdrie, Alta. 61,581
90 Halton Hills, Ont. 61,161
91 Port Coquitlam, B.C. 58,612
92 Fredericton, N.B 58,220
93 Blainville, Que. 56,863
94 Saint-Hyacinthe, Que. 55,648
95 Aurora, Ont. 55,445
96 North Vancouver, B.C (City) 52,898
97 Welland, Ont. 52,293
98 North Bay, Ont. 51,553
99 Belleville, Ont. 50,716
100 Mirabel, Que. 50,513

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  • 4 Comments

    Page 1 of 1
    1. james

      As indicated by the 2011 enumeration, the most widely recognised ethnic groups in Canada are: European (76%), Asian (16%), Aboriginal (4%), Black (2%) and Multi-racial (0.5%).32% of the people viewed their ethnic origin as Canadian. Other significant groups were English (21%), Scottish (15.1%), French (14%), Irish (13.9%) and Italian (4.6%). The biggest ethnicity of non-European origin were Chinese (4%) and First Nations (3%). Its aboriginal individuals are growing at double the national rate. While 4% of the population guarantees a native identity, other 16% has a place with a non-native minority. Over 20% of the population is presently born outside the country and around 60% of new migrants originate from Asia, especially China.

      January 5, 2018 at 4:42 AM
    2. Lyle

      North Vancouver is ranked twice :O

      May 22, 2018 at 4:44 PM
      1. todocanada

        Municipality & City.

        May 22, 2018 at 6:14 PM
    3. Ilya

      Lyle, the first North Vancouver is for the municipality, which includes Deep Cove, etc., the second one is strictly for N. Vancouver City. 🙂

      December 8, 2020 at 8:02 PM

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